Sabtu, 20 Juni 2009

The Six Ramsgate By Wallflower Architecture + Design

The Six Ramsgate is a private residence at Six Ramsgate Road, in Singapore. Singaporean architect firm Wallflower Architecture + Design recently has completed the enclosed Six Ramsgate open house, a multi-courtyard house with a 40m continuous vista across entrance foyer, formal living area, formal dining areas, swimming pool, several internal gardens court, while creating a sense of balance.

The spatial strategy involved locating the compartment and service spaces on the second and basement floors, leaving the ground floor plane free of unnecessary walls and columns. The internalisation of the pool and garden, spaces that are normally regarded as external to the house, formed a strategy to make the most of the 25m x 48m site and give the client a perception of “substantial private space”.

The spatial transparency on the ground floor was also designed to passively cool the house. The interconnected courtyards were finished with different materials (and therefore different heat gain properties). These slight changes in temperature across the floor surface encourage horizontal air-movement generating occasional light breezes to cool the interior. Solid, hardwood louvres that can be adjusted by hand allowing the resident to control the amount of sunlight entering the interior.

The client’s desire for the home to have a perception of substantial private space has resulted in the development of a spatial program that internalizes spaces such as pools and gardens normally regarded as external to the envelope of the house. By zoning spaces such as the bedrooms and servants’ quarters on alternative levels, i.e. 2nd storey and basement levels, the ground plane is freed from walls that would have been required if public and private programs were interlaced on the same plane.

The environmental transparencies at ground level and between courtyards are important in passively cooling the house. All the courtyards have differing material finishes and therefore differing heat gain and latency (water, grass, water, granite). As long as there are temperature differences between courtyards, the living, dining, and pool house become conduits for breezes that move in between the courtyards, very much like how land and sea breezes are generated. At the second storey, solid hardwood louvers that can be adjusted by hand allow the desired amount of breeze and sunlight to filter through.

The planning strategy releases substantial volumes of perceptual as well as tangible space that is normally not experienced if traditional architectural space planning norms are not reinterpreted in our local context. Environmentally, the contiguous and interconnected space encourage the slightest breezes, whether they are prevailing and therefore air-movement is horizontal, or convectionally circulated, which the courtyards help generate. For the owner, it is the experiential serenity that unencumbered space, a gentle breeze, dappled sunlight and the hush of water rippling on a pond that is priceless in our dense and busy urban scape.

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